Plant and harvest herbs
As soon as the temperatures become milder and the days are sunny and longer, we get excited about the fresh, colorful spring kitchen. Light dishes with green herbs, the first spinach or asparagus make you want more in spring. This is the right time to plant herbs. Regardless of whether it is large in your own garden, cleverly planned in the bed or the borders or even in a pot on the balcony at home – planting herbs is everywhere and freshly harvested they simply taste delicious.
Planting or transplanting herbs?
If you don’t want to pull the herbs out of seeds yourself, you can buy the grown plants directly in the pot and transplant them into your own bed or pot. This has the advantage that they are ready to harvest and you can start cooking straight away. You can now buy plant pots in any supermarket. However, these herbs are often susceptible and sometimes die quickly. This is because they have long journeys, live in small pots or were raised too quickly. It is usually worth buying herbs from a gardener or garden center – these are often healthier and therefore less sensitive.
There is space for planting herbs everywhere. Thanks to a flower box on the balcony railing, hanging lights or various clay pots, you can even create a herb garden on balconies in spring. But especially when there is little space, you should think carefully about which herbs to plant where. Because parsley, chives, basil, thyme and Co. have different requirements that you have to meet if you want to enjoy the herbs for a long time. We will tell you which herbs you can plant next to each other in spring and which needs each plant has. In addition, we have of course put together suitable recipes with fresh herbs for you.
Plant herbs – preferably in spring
If you want to plant herbs in spring and also harvest them directly, you should buy plants that have already been grown and repot them. In general, there must be enough space for growth here. Some herbs need more space than others.
Which herbs can you plant next to each other?
Not all herbs are sociable plants. Some do not like direct neighborhoods and should be planted in a single pot or in a bed at a sufficient distance from the next herb. These loners include:
- Lovage – makes itself very wide and quickly takes light and space away from other plants
- Melissa – grows quickly and takes up a lot of space
- Sage – grows quickly like lemon balm and therefore needs space
- Tarragon – also a fast growing plant that takes up a lot of space
In addition, you should avoid the following combinations when planting herbs, because these plants would also get in the way due to their growth:
- Peppermint and chamomile
- Basil and lemon balm
- Tarragon and dill
- Fennel and coriander
In contrast, there are also herb combinations that go well together. You can plant together in a pot, for example:
- Parsley, dill, cress, marjoram and chervil
- Chives, thyme , rosemary, sage, tarragon and lemon balm
Plant herbs in the perfect location
Some herbs like it sunny, others prefer shady. Some like sandy soil, others like nutrient-rich wet soil.
Basil : The annual spice plant likes it warm and thrives best in a sunny place. Basil needs a lot of water to grow well.
Dill : The annual plant takes up a lot of space and should therefore be planted individually or at a sufficient distance from other herbs. Dill has a long root and should therefore not be implemented – so choose a place from the start that still offers enough space even with growth.
Tarragon: The perennial plant needs a warm place with lots of sun. Tarragon also likes to be humid and therefore needs a lot of water.
Chervil : This plant needs moist soil and is most comfortable in partial shade.
Lovage : The perennial shrub grows up to 150cm high. Lovage thrives particularly well on nutrient-rich soil that is calcareous and deep. Liebstöckel prefers a partially shaded spot as a location.
Marjoram : This annual plant likes sunny, sheltered locations. Marjoram needs a nutritious, loose soil.
Melissa : This plant needs a lot of water. Since it has strong growth, it should be repotted accordingly more often. It thrives best in a rather shady location.
Mint : This perennial prefers a sunny to half shady site. Mint needs a humus rich and humid soil.
Oregano : The perennial likes to be sunny and protected from the wind. Oregano needs a loose and nutritious soil.
Parsley : The two-year-old plant does not have high standards and grows best in moist soil in partial shade. The soil should have a lot of nutrients, then the parsley will grow all year round.
Rosemary : This herb prefers a sandy and not moist soil. Rosemary needs little water and needs a lot of heat and sun.
Sage : This perennial plant should be placed in a sunny to slightly shady place. Sage doesn’t need a particularly nutritious soil.
Chives : This perennial plant grows best in its own pot because it requires a lot of space and fresh air. Chives prefer to stand in partial shade and in damp earth. With good care, chives can be harvested all year round.
Thyme : This plant cannot handle abundance. It needs a nutrient-poor soil that should be dry. Thyme needs a lot of heat and sun.
Planting herbs: General tips about the herb garden
No waterlogging : No matter how you plant your herbs, you have to make sure that there is no waterlogging on the bottom of the pot. This can be remedied by holes drilled in the pot.
Care : Remove regularly dried and dead stems and leaves.
Beware of dehydration : Herbs that like it sunny run the risk of drying out quickly. To prevent the soil from becoming too dry, you can use terracotta or clay pots when planting herbs, as they can store moisture better than plastic, for example. In addition, a layer of sand a few centimeters thick on the ground can prevent drying out. In addition, bark mulch provides protection on earth.
Harvest time : The best time to harvest herbs is in the morning. Because then the plant is the freshest and has a high content of ethereal aromas.